April 15, 2015
Over the past week, the Office for Intellectual Freedom has reviewed and carefully considered the comments posted to social media, blogs, and listservs concerning the poster for the 2015 Banned Books Week campaign, as well as the two comments sent directly to the office. We also discussed the issues raised by the commenters with many members and others who are part of the library community.
Commenters are concerned that the poster might be insulting to Muslim communities our nation’s libraries serve and that any resolution should prioritize ALA’s important commitment to diversity. Others are concerned because they do not interpret the poster in that way at all, and do not want ALA to compromise longstanding principles of intellectual freedom. Still others believe that the poster has generated an important discussion about race and religion that ALA should foster and continue. We have also received many thoughtful statements from members who would like OIF to find a balance between these important values.
We intend to take the following actions:
- Provide another poster that does not use the image of a person for those who want an alternative to the current poster.
- Retain the current poster as an option for those who want to use it.
- Promote the “make your own poster” template that uses the layout and graphic elements of the current poster that offers libraries the opportunity to create their own posters featuring persons of different ages and backgrounds.
- We have spoken to the Task Force on Equity, Diversity, and Inclusion and have asked them to consider engaging in community discussions addressing diversity, race, and religion.
We have reviewed our proposal with members of the Intellectual Freedom Committee; the Committee on Professional Ethics; Executive Director Keith Michael Fiels; the Office for Diversity, Literacy and Outreach Services; ALA Graphics; and other affected offices and ALA staff, and they agree with the Office for Intellectual Freedom that the above resolution is one that fairly addresses all the concerns raised by members and the library community while balancing and upholding the values of our association and the profession.
April 14, 2015
As we continue to review the questions raised by the controversy regarding the 2015 ALA Banned Books Week poster, we wanted to answer the question about how a poster campaign is selected. We welcome your feedback on this process as we make decisions on the current campaign.
Our design process is as follows:
- We contract with an outside design firm to produce 4 or 5 ideas. The vendors we consider are ones who employ a diverse design team, as part of our commitment to diversity within the association. We’ve learned that diverse design teams provide new perspectives on the issue of censorship.
- We set a meeting with OIF staff and an outside librarian to review the proposed designs. We also consult with other offices within ALA on the design. The first design concept we review is the poster. Once we reach consensus on the poster, the designers then use that image to create the additional merchandise in the campaign. The merchandise typically used in the campaign includes buttons, bookmarks, and t-shirts.
- New to this year is the customizable PSD file where people can use their own image rather than that of the model represented in the 2015 poster.
- Once the design has been finalized, we go to print and feature the products in the Spring/Summer catalog.
Like any promotional campaign, there can be unanticipated reactions. OIF is committed to listening to everyone: the design team who created the image and message; those who object strongly to the design and those who strongly support it; ALA members and non-members who have expressed concern about our commitment to inclusion and diversity. OIF is trying to listen and acknowledge the entire conversation.
April 13, 2015
We are aware of the comments about this year’s poster for Banned Books Week. We appreciate and respect the concern expressed by the commenters on behalf of the individuals and communities served by their libraries, as well as the concern expressed for the association’s work on behalf of diversity and intellectual freedom.
We take to heart any distress we may have inadvertently caused anyone. The poster was never intended to offend or shock, nor was there any intent to include any ethnic or cultural stereotypes. The aim of the campaign is to employ the universal signage for “Do Not Enter” – a red circle with a bar across it – as a visual proxy for book censorship. It is not a head covering.
We attempted to embrace diversity by including a person of color – which, combined with the graphic elements of the design, appears to have contributed to the multiple perceptions of the poster. It is especially unfortunate that a poster meant to embrace diversity has raised concerns about possible stereotyping and offense.
Commenters have shared how the image evokes a burqa or a niqab. This simply did not occur to us as the design for the poster developed. Our design team included a Muslim woman who wears traditional dress. She was enthusiastic about the campaign and the poster design and we were pleased to work with her on it. We have shared the comments with her and she is surprised that the poster has been interpreted as traditional Muslim dress.
We have read and carefully considered all the feedback. We will be exploring alternatives and our future course of action in the coming week with the goal of reaching a resolution that responds to members’ concerns and upholds the values of our association and the profession. We will continue to engage in the robust exchange of ideas that is the hallmark of our values.
As always, our goal for Banned Books Week is to highlight the harms of censorship and to promote the freedom to read for all.
April 3, 2015
The Intellectual Freedom Round Table (IFRT) of the American Library Association (ALA) announces that Pam Klipsch is the recipient of the 2015 John Phillip Immroth Memorial Award.
Klipsch has vigorously defended intellectual freedom throughout her library career. For decades, she has served on the major committees and round tables within ALA devoted to intellectual freedom—the Intellectual Freedom Committee and IFRT. She has served five terms on ALA’s Council and was IFRT’s very first Councilor on ALA’s Council. Over many years, she has supported the Freedom to Read Foundation and has served on its board. She has authored and edited many of the Library Bill of Rights Interpretations, which are guiding principles of the library profession.
Klipsch has advocated for helping people who challenge controversial material to see how library principles concerning intellectual freedom reflect their own personal values, instead of treating such challengers as opponents. This philosophical foundation allowed her to work with elected officials across the political spectrum in securing passage of groundbreaking privacy legislation in her home state of Missouri, where she is the director of the Jefferson County Library.
Klipsch worked with Missouri State Representative John McCaherty to introduce – and then pass – a bill in 2014 to extend the privacy rights of library patrons to include third-party vendors that contract with the library in providing services requiring access to patron information (usually, authenticating in a library’s database that a patron is indeed a library cardholder). According to this law, any personally identifiable information about resources that patrons access through a third-party vendor is as protected and confidential on the vendor side as on the library side of the transaction. This statute stands as a model approach to privacy in the digital age.
For her long defense of intellectual freedom and for this legislative achievement, Klipsch is being recognized with the 2015 Immroth Award.
This year’s award will be presented at the ALA Annual Conference in San Francisco at the IFRT Awards Reception from 7 p.m. – 9 p.m. on Friday, June 26.
The John Phillip Immroth Memorial Award honors intellectual freedom fighters in and outside the library profession who have demonstrated remarkable personal courage in resisting censorship. The award consists of $500 and a citation. Individuals, a group of individuals or an organization are eligible for the award. The award was first presented in 1976.
April 3, 2015
The Intellectual Freedom Round Table (IFRT) of the American Library Association (ALA) announces that the Delaware Library Association (DLA) Intellectual Freedom Committee (IFC) is the 2015 recipient of the Gerald Hodges Intellectual Freedom Chapter Relations Award.
The award will be presented to the Delaware Library Association Intellectual Freedom Committee at the ALA Annual Conference in San Francisco at the IFRT Awards Reception from 7 p.m. – 9 p.m. on Friday, June 26.
The Delaware Library Association Intellectual Freedom Committee has been actively involved in school library challenges. Interest groups challenged the books “Brave New World” and “The Miseducation of Cameron Post” and the “Delaware Blue Hen Awards” recommended reading list. The DLA IFC built up a coalition of local, state and national groups to gain insight, advice, ideas and support. They responded quickly to support librarians, attend meetings, write emails and strategize with organizations to provide guidance. They have reached out through workshops, meetings, the DLA listserv and informational brochures to share information and coordinate efforts with librarians, library staff and educators. This led to the creation of a new DLA IF Section to share and document censorship and privacy challenges. The DLA IF is inspiring education efforts so no library staff members in public or school libraries are isolated or unsure if faced with a challenge. They are making a positive difference in intellectual freedom rights for all of Delaware libraries.
The Hodges Award recognizes an organization that has developed a strong multi-year, ongoing program or a single, one year project that exemplifies support for intellectual freedom, patron confidentiality, and anti-censorship efforts. The award is named after Gerald Hodges, an ALA staff member from 1989 to 2006. Chapter relations and intellectual freedom were his passions and he willed a portion of his estate to support those efforts. The award consists of $1,000 and a citation.
April 3, 2015
The American Library Association (ALA) Intellectual Freedom Round Table (IFRT) is seeking nominations for its 2016 Eli M. Oboler Memorial Award. The biennial award is presented for the best published work in the area of intellectual freedom and consists of $500 and a citation. Nominations will be accepted through Dec. 1, 2015.
The award was named for Eli M. Oboler, the extensively published Idaho State University librarian known as a champion of intellectual freedom who demanded the dismantling of all barriers to freedom of expression. Works to be considered for the award may be single articles (including review pieces), a series of thematically connected articles, books or manuals published on the local, state or national level in English or English translation. The work must have been published within the two-year period ending the December prior to the ALA Annual Conference at which it is granted. The 2016 award is for work published between 2014 and 2015.
The Oboler nomination form is available on the ALA website. Nominations and supporting evidence should be sent to: Shumeca Pickett, ALA, 50 E. Huron St., Chicago, IL 60611. Telephone: 312-280-4220 or 800-545-2433, ext. 4220. Fax: 312-280-4227. Email: email@example.com.
The Intellectual Freedom Round Table (IFRT) provides a forum for the discussion of activities, programs and problems in intellectual freedom of libraries and librarians; serves as a channel of communications on intellectual freedom matters; promotes a greater opportunity for involvement among the members of the ALA in defense of intellectual freedom; promotes a greater feeling of responsibility in the implementation of ALA policies on intellectual freedom.
February 18, 2015
During the week of March 11, 2013, directives were issued by administrators at Chicago Public Schools’ Fullerton school network and Lane Tech High School to remove Marjane Sartrapi’s acclaimed graphic novel Persepolis from school libraries and classrooms on the grounds that the book contained inappropriate language and images.
The directive to remove Persepolis from CPS’ libraries and classrooms became public after students at Lane Tech alerted their colleagues in the school’s journalism program. Bloggers and critics publicized the directive and the apparent effort to ban the book from CPS classrooms and students took to the streets to protest the book’s removal. As the protests mounted, CPS administrators slowly backtracked on the initial directive; CPS Chief Barbara Byrd Bennett eventually issued a letter denying that there was any effort to ban the book and limiting the directive to remove Persepolis to 7th grade classrooms.
ALA’s Office for Intellectual Freedom and the Freedom to Read Foundation were involved from the beginning, supporting the students and organizations that sought to keep the book in CPS classrooms, publicly protesting the apparent censorship of a critically praised work of literature, and seeking information about the events leading up to the decision to remove the book. In response to a FTRF Freedom of Information Act request that asked for all correspondence and electronic communications related to the decision to remove Persepolis from CPS classrooms, we only received the directives and letters that had already been publicly disclosed, and a copy of the agenda for the chief of schools meeting on March 11, 2013. That document contained no information at all about Persepolis or the decision to remove or recall the book. We remained in the dark about who had filed the initial complaint about Persepolis and who had made the decision to remove the book from CPS classrooms.
Then Jarrett Dapier, an intrepid MLIS candidate at the University of Illinois’ Graduate School of Library and Information Science, filed his own FOIA request in order to gather materials for his paper on school censorship. And in December 2014, CPS provided Dapier with the emails and correspondence we – and other organizations – were told did not exist in 2013.
Ben Joravsky of the Chicago Reader has already written about the contents of the emails. With the permission of Mr. Dapier, we are now sharing the actual emails and correspondence – which reveal that, contrary to CPS’ public statements in 2013, there was in fact an effort to remove Persepolis from all schools and libraries in CPS. The emails detail the initial complaint, the decision to remove the book, and the eventual modification of the original directive to remove the book from CPS classrooms and libraries. (It’s important to note that Persepolis remained in school libraries only because a strong reconsideration policy – CPS Policy 604.7 – prevented its removal without sufficient review and due process.) The emails are an object lesson in casual censorship, the ability of one person to pass judgment on a work of literature, and the chaotic decision-making that occurs when a school system fails to have policies in place to address demands to censor classroom materials.
Our thanks to Mr. Dapier for his initiative and perseverance in obtaining these public records.
January 20, 2015
OIF is working to finalize our numbers for 2014 challenges and our annual list of most frequently challenged books. We collect information for our challenge database from both media reports and those submitted by individuals and, while we know that many challenges are never reported, we strive to be as comprehensive as possible.
We would greatly appreciate if you could send us any information on challenges in your state or region that you are aware of from 2014. The final deadline for reporting 2014 challenges to OIF is Friday, February 27, 2015. Even if you think we probably already know about it, send it to us anyways. Or maybe there are more details we can add to our database. Many times the status is left unknown because the case was reported before there was a resolution. So updates are also encouraged.
Challenges reported to ALA by individuals are kept confidential and we will cross-check your report with existing entries in the database to avoid duplications. You may report challenges by filling out and submitting the database form available in a variety of formats at www.ala.org/challengereporting. If you have any questions at all, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org. Please share with your library listservs.
Many thanks for all of your help and support!
January 19, 2015
The Office for Intellectual Freedom sponsors IFAction, an email list for those who would like updated information on news affecting intellectual freedom, censorship, privacy, access to information, and more. Click here to subscribe to this list. For an archive of all list postings since 1996, visit the IF Action archive. Below is a sample of articles from January 11 – January 17.
Filtering, Censorship, Whistle blowing, Misinformation, Cyber Threats/Bullying, Free Press, and Free Speech Articles
EU response to free speech killings? More internet censorship
Facebook restricts violent video clips and photos
ACLU joins fight over Pennsylvania law curbing inmate speech
Arizona’s Mexican-American Studies Ban Questioned By Appeals Judges
[Foundation for Individual Rights in Education] Endorses University of Chicago’s New Free Speech
Access, Corporate/Government Secrecy, the Digital Divide, Net Neutrality, and Intellectual Property Protection Articles
Facebook Will Push Amber Alerts to Users’ News Feeds
FCC Chairman Tom Wheeler on Community Broadband
National Broadband Policies: Brought to You by Cities
Republican bill: Net neutrality protections without reclassifying broadband
Republican net neutrality bill would gut FCC’s authority over broadband
Privacy, Surveillance, Hacking, and Cybersecurity Articles
President Obama just made a big privacy announcement. Here’s what you need to know.
Remarks by the President at the Federal Trade Commission
FACT SHEET: Safeguarding American Consumers & Families
Apparent Islamic State backers hack U.S. military Twitter feed
F.B.I. Is Broadening Surveillance Role, Report Shows